In the social sciences, a political movement is a social group that operates together to obtain a political goal, on a local, regional, national, or international scope. Political movements develop, coordinate, promulgate, revise, amend, interpret, and produce materials that are intended to address the goals of the base of the movement. A social movement in the area of politics can be organized around a single set of issues or shared concerns in a social group. In a political party, a political organization seeks to influence or control government policies, usually by nominating their fresh and incumbent candidates in politics and governmental offices. Additionally, parties participate in electoral campaigns and educational outreach or protest actions aiming at convincing citizens and government to take action on issues and concerns which are the focus of the movement. Parties often espouse an ideology expressed in a party program, bolstered by a written platform with specific goals, forming a coalition among disparate interests.
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